10 Best Career Options in Biotechnology


When students think about a Career in biotechnology, Most of them imagine a scientist carries a lab coat developing some medicines or Handling medical devices. Thinking about this image shows one common biotechnology career pathway. Lab work is not the only choice. 

It involves a lot of applications across various industries like Cosmetics, food, Bio-forensic, pharmaceutical, chemical, bio-products, medicine, nutrition, environmental science, IT, and Agriculture for making a career in biotechnology. 

Here, I bring you a detailed list of options to single out one of them, if you prefer to start a career in this field. Read the rest & explore the sea of opportunities.

Table of Contents 

1. Microbiologist


Microbiologists study organisms & infectious particles which can’t see with naked eyes, so they use Electron microscopes to observe bacteria, viruses, fungi, and other microorganisms.

They study the interactions of microorganisms with other organisms & humans, which affect our lives in various ways. Microbiologist helps in drug therapies, development of genetically engineered crops, new vaccines & prevention in many communicable diseases.

Life science graduate or biotech graduates enter employment after a training from microbiology lab or internship, while other go on to further study or they work with further study.

A microbiologist can go with various industries such as food, beverage, pharmaceutical, hospitals, teacher or can work under a scientist.

General role and responsibility of microbiologist:

  • Performing air sampling to track environmental microorganisms.
  • Maintaining hygiene within the laboratory
  • Maintain record according to test results.
  • Managing laboratory.
  • Maintaining and isolating cultures of microbes for study.
  • Supervise the work of biological technicians and test the accuracy of their results.

2. Food Analyst

If you are interested to serve the public directly, can go in this field. The food industry is itself a broad area in which opportunities never going to end. An analyst ensures the quality of food produced by food manufactures.

They also ensure the quality of ingredients, steps of food processing, handling technique, and labeling descriptions. The place must sanitize and hygienic where food is processing.

The job profile is a food safety officer, food inspector, food scientist, food manager, food technician in either private or government sector. 

Govt of India conduct exams to select a food inspector

  • Food Corporation of India (FCI)
  • FSSAI Exam 
  • Punjab Public Service Commission
  • Maharashtra Public Service Commission + more.

3. Quality assurance/Quality control

Quality Control & Quality Assurance maintains and enhances the quality of products or services. You can work in multiple industries like beverage, food, and pharmaceutical, etc.

well-Known Companies you can work with

Coca-Cola, PepsiCo, Bisleri, Hindustan Unilever, Patanjali, Dr. Reddy’s, Panacea Biotec, Syngene, and many more.

Some duties of QC/QA are:

  • Take Follow up of the process of product processing and report to a higher authority.
  • Testing of raw material, in-process product, and finished product.
  • Maintaining documentation online for each process and testing.
  • Making sure the process area sanitized properly and maintained hygiene.
  • Preparing and maintaining GMP/GLP documents according to the Quality department. 
  • Taking part in the internal audit of the company.
  • Calibration of lab equipment.

4. Medical representative

If you are eagerly looking for a job out from a lab then this job ultimately for you. This field is challenging and interesting too. The primary job of medical representatives is to promote and sell the company’s products. The product can be pharmaceutical drugs or medical devices.

Medical representative frequently visits hospitals, medical colleges, and drug stores for increasing product awareness, answer queries, advise, and introduce new products. They meet with health care professionals, introduce the company’s product, and ask for prescription drugs to the patient.

I have mentioned some reputed companies of biotech and pharmaceutical who hire MR

Biotechnology companies Pharmaceuticals companies
Panacea Biotec Cipla
Syngene ManKind Pharma Limited
Serum Institute of India Sanofi
Biocon Eli Lilly
Jubilant Life Sciences Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories
Bhat Bio-Tech India Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Limited
Bharat Biotech International Cadila Healthcare Limited

Here are the role and responsibilities of MR

  • Promoting Pharma drugs, Medical devices (includes artificial joints, biomedical implants, heart pacer), and Biotechnology products, etc.
  • Collecting feedback on the product.
  • Organizing appointments with healthcare professionals.
  • Making Plans to visit hospitals and relevant medical units.
  • Presenting a brief presentation about products to healthcare staff (doctors, pharmacy owners, clinic managers, nutritionists, etc.
  • Achieving sales targets and reviewing sales performance.
  • Keep up to date about the market trends.

5. Medical scientist

Medical scientists perform clinical research to improve patient health by diagnosing diseases and treatments. They study the causes of diseases and develop test medical devices and kit. They analyze drug potency on the human body at different levels of drug exposure.

 After that, they analyze the sample of all patients collected during the clinical trial, and then they check how the drug performed on the patient. They compare and analyze the characteristics of the drug and the participants, and then they write and publish their findings. 

If you go for the medical scientist as a profession you must have a master’s degree and a Ph.D. degree, along with these you must have passionate about the research field because it requires patience and time. 

6. Biomedical Engineer

Biomedical engenier

Biomedical Engineering, also referred to as Bio-med, a field that combines biology and engineering to innovate, design, and develop new technologies that improve the quality and effectiveness of the medicine, patient healthcare.

They design biomedical equipment, devices such as artificial organs, prostheses, and diagnostic machines, surgical robots, pharmaceutical drugs, Kidney dialysis. 

BioMed professionals develop new implantable and external devices such as pacemakers, coronary stents, orthopedic implants, dental products, and ambulatory devices. 

Job profile in BioMed is Biomedical Engineer, Rehabilitation Engineer, Clinical Engineer, Bioengineering Research, Medical Engineering, Technicians, Specialists, and Consultants.

7. Bioinformatician

Bioinformaticssource image-Microbes Note

Are you are eager to work as IT professional along with biology? Or love to work as a biologist, but not in a wet lab? Then you can choose this field. Bioinformatics is made by merging biology, computer science, and information technology.

Bioinformatics specialist uses several bioinformatics tools, software and machine learning for better understanding of evolutionary genetics, DNA sequencing, drug development, data analysis and protein sequencing. They use databases to store the huge human genome sequence data which is can’t compile in the books. 

Bioinformatics speed up the research in biotechnology in many things like gene identification, prediction of gene function, prediction of protein structure, drug designing, docking, automatic genome sequencing, and vaccine designing, and understanding protein structure. Medical coding, etc.

To enter the bioinformatics career knows about language like Python, Hadoop, C, C++, and SQL, etc. The job profile in this field is Bioinformatics Analyst, Bioinformatics programmer, Data Scientist, Computational Biologist, Database Programmer, Science Technician, Informatics developer, and Medical coder, professor, and teacher.

Top companies to with as bioinformatics specialist are:

Thermofisher Scientific, PerkinElmer, PubGene, Strand Life Sciences, Silicon Genetics, Tessella, Biocon, Serum Institute of India, Panacea Biotec,  Novo Nordisk, Aventis, Ranbaxy, Dr. Reddy’s Labs, and Piramal Healthcare, etc.

8. Be a teacher in an Organization/university

If you are passionate about mentoring and helping students, teaching job suits you. You can teach in schools and Private colleges after qualifying the B.Sc. and B.Tech from Biotechnology. You can grow into an Assistant Professor in the famous universities of the country. But first, you complete your master’s degree. After then, you are eligible to appear in the CSIR NET exam, which is an entryway to becoming an Assistant Professor, and by holding a PhD degree, you can be a researcher.

Tabulated below are some top MSc biotech and MTech colleges in India 

MSc biotech colleges MTech biotech colleges
Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi Indian Institute of Technology (IITs)
Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi Delhi Technical University (DTU)
Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore National Institute of Technology (NITs)
University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai
Calcutta university, Calcutta University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad

9. Get a job in Intellectual Property Research and Patenting

Source Image – Garlick & Markison

During graduation, you have studied one subject Patents and Intellectual Property Rights, but most people forget. Only some people know about this field, even existing as a biotech career. If you are passionate about law, research, innovations and can solve the problem then you are at the right place.

Biotechnology intellectual property rights provide the right to health care companies or biotechnologists to protect their ownership of their assets through common law.

For entry in this field, the best way is to do an online IPR courses and get an overview of IPR.

After this, you can do a diploma in intellectual patent rights from a known institute or an LLB. You can also join some law firm or company as a trainee in the patent department, then you can apply in any corporate for job.

For becoming a patent attorney or patent agent, pass the Patent Bar Examination. After clearing the exam you can join any law firm, corporate with a job profile drafting and prosecution.

Following is top Institutes for PG Diploma in IPR

  • Academy of Intellectual Property Studies, Mumbai
  • Nalsar University of Law, Hyderabad
  • Indira Gandhi National Open University
  • National Institute of Intellectual Property Management, Nagpur

10. Pursue a higher degree in biotechnology

If you are interested to advance your studies and become a scientist or academe someday, then you have two options, either you go for a master degree or PhD. This step will not only upskill you but also provide more job opportunities in both the private and government sectors.

If you clear the CSIR NET / GATE exam, you would be eligible for India’s top institutions like IIT, BHU, AIIMS, and JNU for your master’s degree and your fellowship program.

I have mentioned some top universities that you will help you for your higher studies

  • Jawaharlal Nehru University (New Delhi)
  • National Centre for Biological Sciences (Bangalore)
  • Banaras Hindu University (Varanasi)
  • Indian Institute of Technology, (IIT, Madras)
  • International Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (New Delhi)
  • Indian Institute of Science (Bangalore) 
  • Manipal Academy of Higher Education (Manipal) and many more

So here I end with my list of 10 best career options in biotechnology. If you’re interested in being a part of a growing career in biotech, select one of them as your career in which you are passionate about. Overall, you have plenty of options, just keep in mind that to get the best, you need to be best. So study hard and gain certification from online or offline work on your skills and personality. You will make a wonderful career in this field.

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