A Career As a Microbiologist In India

microbiology career

source- indiaeducation.net

Do you want to grab the chance during this pandemic covid19 as a microbiologist?

Are Microbiologists Suddenly in Demand In India?

Yes, it is absolutely true that during this epidemic, the whole world looks towards the microbiologists.

The former head of the department of clinical microbiology at AIIMS, New Delhi, “Sarman Singh” said that India has been shifting its priorities towards medical microbiology research like the focus was on the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); since 2010, tuberculosis (TB) has been at the top of the list.

Apart from causing diseases, microbes have crucial roles in food production, environmental science, medicine, and basic research.

Recently, the Microbiology course achieved huge popularity due to an increase in the number of students coming forward to pursue microbiology as a career.

If you are still don’t know “What is the career scope of Microbiology in India?”, let’s discuss.

Who are Microbiologists?

A person who specializes in the field of microbiology is called as a microbiologist. Microbiologists are regarded as scientists who examine micro-organisms and infectious agents that cannot be seen with the naked eye.

Microbiologists study the characteristics of microscopic organisms such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Some of them specialize in agriculture, environment, food and medical aspects.

microbio career


Microbiologists also check the food whether it is safe or not, develop green technologies, and track the role of microbes in climate change.

Eligibility to become Microbiologist

  • If you want to start a career in Microbiology, then you have to choose PCB (Physics, Chemistry, and Biology) stream in Class 12.
  • For a UG degree, you can directly choose B.Sc in Microbiology or you can take BSc / Btech biotechnology.
  • If you want to go for higher studies, you can go for M.Sc/ Mtech in Microbiology.
  • For taking up Ph.D. or M.Phil courses in the field of microbiology and associated areas, a Master’s course is mandatory in the relevant field.
  • Most universities conduct entrance tests for Master’s, M.Phil, and Ph.D. courses.

You can work as:


They are to study the pattern of growth, development, and other characteristics of bacteria and do research and learn more about microorganisms’ behavior, their ecology, metabolism, and reproduction.

They also examine the positive and negative effects that can be brought about by bacteria on plants, animals, and humans.

Industrial microbiologists  

They discover antimicrobial drugs or new organism and their pathway by using microorganism.

For an industrial purposes, they ensure the quality production of alcohol and they also monitor the impact of industrial waste on the local ecosystem and surroundings. For example, waste management.



source- medicaldialougs

Virologists study the structure, development, and further properties of viruses. They diagnose viral infections and also study response to antiviral drugs and watch mechanisms of drug resistance.

Environmental microbiologists

They study the microbial communities in soil, water, air, and artificial environment microbes and also study how the interaction of microorganisms with the environment and with each other. They also study the use of microbes to clean up the oil spill in water resources and sites contaminated by heavy metals and further investigate increasing crop growth with the aid of microbes.


A qualified microbiologist can get employment in the following sectors/ domains/ areas: –

  • Higher education institutions.
  • Agriculture Department
  • Industries like – water and biotechnology companies, food and drink, toiletries, petroleum.
  • Environmental organizations.
  • Forensic science laboratories.
  • Agriculture Department
  • Research Organizations
  • Private Hospitals
  • Laboratories
  • Universities
  • Pharmaceutical Industries

Here are some of the top recruiting agencies for microbiologists in India: –

  • Britannia
  • Bisleri
  • Novozymes
  • Johnson & Johnson
  • Dr. Reddy’s
  • Jubilant
  • Sanofi
  • Pfizer
  • Sun Pharma
  • Lupin
  • Apollo
  • Cipla
  • Cafe Coffee Day
  • IFF
  • Suguna Foods


If we talk about salary for a Microbiologist in India, for fresher it will be around Rs 3 Lakh and after 3 to 5 years experience you will get up to Rs 10 lakh. With increasing experience as a Ph.D. degree in Microbiology, increase your payments up to Rs 20 lakh p.m.

So summarizing this article, we talked about Microbiologist–what is microbiologist, Eligibility, Career Scope of Microbiologist, Top Companies/ Institutes that hires for Microbiologist Post, and the Average Salary of a microbiologist. If you have any questions related to your career as a microbiologist after your Bsc / Msc Microbiology or Ph.D. microbiology please do comment below.

In the next article, we will discuss the skills required, Certifications, and about Govt Exams conducted for hiring microbiologists.

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